Las armas del adiós. Hemingway.
abril 21, 2008
Ernest Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois, a small, middle-class suburb of Chicago. Nothing in his early background indicated the bold approach he was to employ in his novels. The second of six children, Hemingway led the normal active life of a schoolboy. Although not especially popular, he took part in sports, debates, the school orchestra, wrote and edited the school newspaper. Summers were spent outdoors in northern Michigan at a family camp. However, tension evidently existed between the parents. Dr. Clarence E. Hemingway, a physician and enthusiastic outdoors-man, instilled in the young Ernest the love of hunting, fishing and the natural life which he never abandoned. Grace Hall Hemingway, very pious and very active in church affairs, tried to interest the son in music and cultural pursuits; for example, Ernest was taught to play the cello. The young Hemingway ran away from home twice, and worked in a number of odd jobs. His chance at escape from family and small-town pressures came when the U.S.A. entered World War I in 1917. He immediately volunteered but was rejected because of an eye injury; however, he was accepted as an ambulance driver on the Italian front early in 1918.
Hemingway’s experience in the first World War fashioned much of his personal and literary outlook. After leaving his job as a reporter on the Kansas City Star to join the ambulance corps in Italy, he was abruptly and brutally introduced to the facts of War. He witnessed a munitions explosion in Milan upon his arrival, and on July 8, 1918, just before his nineteenth birthday, he was severely wounded. He underwent twelve operations for removal of some 200 fragments of mortar shell but returned to the war as an infantry officer with the Italian army. Two medals were awarded to Hemingway by the Italian Government for his bravery during World War I. These experiences are vividly reflected in many of his novels. His heroes depict the attitude of Hemingway toward war and men at war.